Baku, March 9, AZERTAC
There are more than 250 public and private museums in Azerbaijan, where unique cultural and material samples of the country are kept.
Located in the center of ancient Baku, the National Museum of Azerbaijani Literature named after the great Azerbaijani poet and thinker Nizami Ganjavi is one of the museums with a mission to promote the ancient history and rich literary heritage of the people Azerbaijani for more than 70 years.
In front of the magnificent building, which attracts everyone’s attention with its blue majolica on the facade, the monuments of six outstanding representatives of Azerbaijani literature – Mahammad Fuzuli, Molla Panah Vagif, Mirza Fatali Akhundov, Khurshudbanu Natavan, Jalil Mammadguluzade and Jafar Jabbarli are welcome townspeople and guests.
The history of the museum building which attracts attention with its charming at first sight architectural style starts from the mid 19th century which had been built not far from the twin gates surrounding Icharishahar (Old Town) in 1850.
According to the project of Gasim bay Hajibababayov (1811-1874), the chief architect of Baku Gubernia, the second floor was added to the one-story caravanserai by order of the building’s new owner, Azerbaijani millionaire Haji Hajagha Dadashov (1828- 1905). Civil engineer Alexander Nikitin (1878-1952) prepared the project for the banquet hall on the second floor, and in 1915 the building was transformed into the hotel “Metropol”.
In 1918-1920, the Cabinet of Ministers of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic used the building as a place of work and accommodation.
In the 1920s-1930s, the Trade Union Committee of Azerbaijan was located in the building.
In 1943, the facade and interior of the building were decorated in the national style and monuments of prominent representatives of Azerbaijani literature – Fizuli (sculptor F.Abdurahmanov), Vagif (sculptor J.Garyaghdi), MFAkhundov (sculptor P .Sabsay), Natavan ( sculptor.Tripolskaya), J.Mammadguluzade (sculptor N.Zakharov) and J.Jabbarli (sculptor Y.Klyatskin) were erected on the balcony.
On May 14, 1945, the Museum of Azerbaijani Literature named after Nizami Ganjavi opened its doors for the first time to guests.
The exposition of the museum covers the stages of development of Azerbaijani literature enriched with innovations, fully computerized and referenced to world standards.
Tourists from all parts of the world visit the Museum of Literature with great pleasure.
The museum presents ancient manuscripts, examples of material culture, pictures, carpets, unique books, beautiful miniatures, manuscripts of famous calligraphers, numismatics, memorabilia of writers, documentary photos, sculptures, attention-grabbing cards, applied arts and crafts. local and foreign visitors.
The innovative exposition of the museum allows visitors to get acquainted with valuable audio-video materials – various films, fragments of performances, music pieces of well-known Azerbaijani composers and poetic examples performed by popular actors.
AZERTAG.AZ :National Museum of Azerbaijani Literature – preservation of the heritage of the great Azerbaijani poet and thinker Nizami Ganjavi
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